How Does Having a Pre-Departure Checklist Help You Before Riding a Boat?
You won’t forget anything if you read a pre-departure chat from a checklist, and it should only require a minute of everyone’s time. By carrying out this quick safety check, you can be confident that everyone is ready for a pleasant ride and that you have a crew that can assist in an emergency.
Making a pre-departure checklist and using it as a guide is the best way to prepare for a boating vacation. This list guarantees that one is prepared for anything on the water and that all bases are covered. Additionally, it can familiarize any new boaters or passengers with all the equipment required before they depart on a boating trip.
What should be included in a pre-departure list?
For every boating trip, make a pre-departure checklist that you can refer to, and always be ready in an emergency.
Each item on a thorough pre-departure checklist should cover:
- Make sure that the people and equipment are spread and balanced, with most weight being low.
- Boat operators should carry a Pleasure Craft Operator Card or equivalent competency documentation.
- Verify your charts to ensure you are familiar with the positions of nearby dangers and the anticipated water levels and tides.
- Leave a backup plan with a trustworthy friend or family member. Make sure they are aware of your destination and return date.
- Start the engine after at least four minutes of blower operation. Verify the airflow.
- Keep a toolbox on board at all times.
- Include any extra features you might need.
Fuel and Batteries
- Make sure the battery is charged ultimately.
- Verify that everything that runs on batteries is operational.
- Bring extra batteries for any necessary tools, such as a torch or handheld radio.
Sound Signaling Device
- A minimum of two sound signaling tools, such as an air horn, bell, or whistle, must be on board.
Signaling and Navigation Lights
- Always carry extra batteries and a flashlight.
- Verify that all necessary navigational lights are present and operating correctly.
Signals for emergency distress
- Make sure passengers are informed of where to find and how to use any distress signals.
- All flares should be kept in a dry, accessible location, such as a box for distress signals.
- For propelled boats, be sure that all enclosed compartments have adequate ventilation.
- Never start the engine before the ventilation blower runs for 4 minutes. Ensure there are no odors or fumes left behind after using the blower.
Anchor and Lines
- A minimum of one anchor linked to an anchor line must be carried aboard.
- Two fenders are required for docking.
- Make sure the anchor line and fenders are in good shape.
- Bring extra dock lines, please.
- Passengers should be informed of correct anchoring techniques and advice.
Personal Floatation Device
- It is required to have a minimum of two PFDs generally and one for each passenger. One will require at least two PFDs even if they are boating alone.
- You must also have at least one throwable PFD on deck if the boat is longer than 16 feet.
- Tell passengers where each PFD is located and remind them that the best PFD is the one that is always worn.
- Teach everyone how to put their PFD on properly. Inform passengers on how to wear and deploy inflatable PFDs if utilizing them.
- Keep a fire extinguisher approved by the U.S. Coast in a convenient area.
- Ensure it is fixed securely, is not expired, and is in good working order.
“To-Do List” Before Departure
Following is the To-Do list you should check before your departure.
Ensure that your boat is in good condition
Before you get on your watercraft, make sure that it’s in working order by inspecting the hull, drain plugs, and engine. Check for corrosion. A damaged boat can cause excessive vibration. If you find any of these parts loose, replace them immediately. The cables in your boat’s electrical system should also be in good condition. Cable jackets should be replaced if they’re cracked or swollen. If they’re loose, you could lose control of your boat.
Clean your engine. Salt on your boat can corrode the metal components. By flushing the engine, you prevent corrosion. To flush the engine, connect a hose to it. Next, place the flusher over the water intake hole. Once the water flows clear, the engine is clean. Clean the boat thoroughly and allow it to dry before riding it again. The next day, flush it again.
Ensure that your boat’s electrical system is in working order. You should make sure that there are working brake and signal lights. Your boat should also have a backup pump in case one fails. Electrical lines should also be checked carefully. If they’re damaged, you could be putting yourself and your passengers at risk of a fire. Also, ensure that they’re clean and well maintained. You can use a digital multimeter to ensure the electrical system works correctly.
Ensure that your boat is in good condition. Make sure that the engine is functioning correctly. Check the alternator and gauges. The battery should hold a charge for twenty-four hours. The engine should also be checked for leaks or corrosion. Check the boat’s condition before heading out on a trip. Also, check the weather forecast before leaving, as weather conditions can change at the last minute.
Check the weather forecast
Before heading out on the water, check the weather forecast. Pay special attention to watches and warnings. While technology-based reports are helpful, human observations can be valuable, too. For example, you might notice a light sea breeze but find that there are wind-whipped whitecaps in the entry channel. That kind of inclement weather can be dangerous. Checking the weather forecast before riding a boat will keep you safe and comfortable while out on the water.
Check the marine weather forecast if you plan to ride a boat in a crowded waterway. It can be obtained from the National Weather Service or National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration. Check the marine weather forecast often before setting out on the water. The National Weather Service recommends that you check the marine forecast frequently to avoid harmful conditions. Besides observing the weather forecast, you should also check tides.
When riding a boat, you need to know the current weather, including the barometric pressure trend. The barometric pressure represents the weight of air molecules above a particular location and pressing down on the Earth’s surface. The weather maps are adjusted to reflect the pressure of sea level. But if you don’t calibrate your barometer to your specific location, it will show rising and falling pressure trends. A weakened storm is a sign of active changing weather.
To avoid bad weather on a boat, pay attention to the weather forecast and be prepared for any changes in the weather. The first sign of impending nasty weather is fog, dark clouds, and lightning.
The barometer will rise or fall depending on local conditions, so keep an eye on the forecast and decide based on those factors. An excellent way to find out what the weather forecast will be like is to tune in to one of the NOAA weather radio channels. Those stations are available 24/7 and are updated with current warnings and forecasts.
Check the battery
If you plan to ride on a boat, it is crucial to know how to check the battery before riding. There are several symptoms of a battery problem. You can find the battery voltage using a multimeter, which you can purchase for less than $20. Make sure to fully charge the battery before testing it so you don’t get bad results from fluctuating charge. Connect the positive wire of the multimeter to the positive terminal on the boat battery.
The voltage the battery displays will help you understand how your batteries operate. You should write down the voltage readings while all your appliances are energized. The average voltage will be helpful when determining the health of your batteries and charging system. By performing this step, you can ensure the battery and charging system is working correctly and keep the boat running smoothly. You can also check the voltage of other electrical systems like lights and radios.
After a long day on the water, charge your battery. Undercharging your battery will decrease its performance, and dirt will build up on the outer casing of the battery. This dirt can also cause the battery to discharge faster, resulting in an early life cycle failure. The last thing you want is your battery to be damaged. Therefore, check the battery carefully before riding a boat. It might be the most straightforward task, but it can help you get a safe ride.
Batteries are not made to last forever, but if they are properly maintained, they should last around five years. However, if you don’t charge the battery properly, it can shorten its lifespan considerably. It is better to charge your battery a few hours before riding a boat than to run for hours without power.
Check the safety equipment
Before you ride a boat, ensure it has the proper safety equipment. Boats can have a lot of hazards, such as Carbon Monoxide buildup, which can be dangerous if it builds up under the pontoons or in an enclosed space without wind. If unaware of the danger, you can check for warning stickers on the boat. These stickers will show you the correct way to ride a boat, including the required safety equipment.
If you’re planning to rent a boat, you must ensure that all the safety equipment is in place before leaving for your trip. Your boat needs a life jacket and a buoyant heaving line. The life jacket must fit the person wearing it. Otherwise, you risk drowning. Make sure that everyone aboard your boat wears their life jackets, too. Check the safety equipment before riding a boat!
Life jackets are a must-have on a boat. The U.S. Coast Guard should approve them. If you’re unsure, try it on before buying it. Stand up with your arms overhead, then carefully pull the arm opening upwards. If you are uncomfortable with the fit, you can always ask someone to help you. Otherwise, you’ll need to buy a new one.
Personal flotation devices (life jackets) are essential safety equipment for boats. They are required by law by the U.S. Coast Guard and should be worn at all times while riding a boat. There is much other essential safety equipment on a boat.
Check the lookout
If you plan to ride a boat, you should always have a lookout on board. Lookouts are crucial in any boat operation because they are required to keep a constant watch on their surroundings.
Always check that the boat’s bow, starboard, and port sides do not have any obstacles to the line of sight. The lookout must use all the available means to stay informed, from radar to radio.