How Does Water Scarcity Affect the World?
The Earth is one huge water mass considering 70% of it is made up of it, but that is the salty kind that humans and animals do not use easily. The fresh kind we need to survive only makes up 3% of all water bodies, and a third of it is in glaciers that we don’t want to melt. This means we are constantly living in a water crisis even though we don’t notice because we have enough to drink, bathe in, and do all the things we do with water.
What is Water Scarcity?
It is the lack of safe water where millions of people go months without proper tap water for drinking or sanitation. It becomes a lot more serious when you learn that over 800 children die every day from drinking unsafe aqua or exposure to poor sanitation situations that cause illness. Children are the worst affected by its scarcity because they are vulnerable, so small sanitation issues will send them to hospitals. There are several essay examples online that show cycles of the effect. Because these children live in poverty-laden communities, their diets are already nutrition-poor, weakening their immunities. Those who survive may have to drop out of school as finding this liquid becomes a more important course, sending them through a cycle of poverty for generations.
Most people never really get to know how dire the situation can get since they have never experienced this form of scarcity, but those living it appreciate every drop of this precious commodity. Climate change has only made things worse, which is why advocates for change have been working tirelessly to teach sustainability.
Facts of the Global Water Crisis
Something becomes a global problem when it affects too many people, and water has been considered so for a long now. Here’s a brief look into some issues with water.
The 1700s to 1800s saw the beginning of industrialization in Europe, leading to a need for clean water for daily sanitation. In the 1800s, the first signs of scarcity were noted and somehow ignored. During the same period, London experiences a breakout of Cholera that Dr. John Snow ties to a lack of clean drinking water. A report done in the 1900s shows over 11 billion people have died globally from drought.
Un Member states met in 2000 and set a list of ambitious Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to be achieved by 2015, one of them being food and water security. These goals were extended to 2030 when it became clear aqua would still present a challenge unless new ways were worked. The world still struggles with the scarcity of this resource, and climate change hasn’t made things any better.
Water Stress Versus Scarcity
Scarcity is represented in volumes where we look at its availability in abundance or the lack of it. To get an accurate picture of things on the ground, scarcity is measured as a ratio of human consumption to the amount available in totality.
Aqua stress is the ability or lack of it to meet the ecological and human need for water, and it is more inclusive than scarcity. It puts into consideration the quality, flow, and accessibility.
Impact of this Scarcity
Economically, it could cripple businesses because so many rely on water. The hospitality industry would not survive, as would agriculture. Socially, people from communities that struggle with it spend over half their days fetching it, leaving no time for any other activity or even school for the children. People’s health would be affected severely if a water crisis continued for too long.
How Can We Help End the Global Water Crisis?
Leaking or ineffective irrigation systems are responsible for so much water loss, and they could be mended or improved to reduce this waste. We could also protect the underground reservoirs from the pollution caused by pesticides by practicing organic farming. Population growth has not been kind to rivers, and it has also led to the cutting down of trees. These two issues lead to even further depletion of an unrenewable resource. If we curbed the growth of populations, some of these issues would be averted. Schools could teach young children various methods of recycling, and any amount that could be recycled on a larger basis should.
Water is life, and knowing how valuable it makes us all responsible when using it. One should never leave a tap running or irrigating their grass using methods that lead to too much loss. Agriculture that consumes at least 70% of all freshwater should be made more sustainable through efficient irrigation systems.