Parsing With Xpath and CSS

Parsing With Xpath and CSS

Parsing With Xpath and CSS

There are different web scraping and data extraction stages, from sending out the request, interacting with the target server, gathering its content, and parsing it to the local storage unit. Every step here is important, but one aspect you may need to pay more attention to is parsing. Data parsing includes several ways to turn unstructured data into something you can read and apply. It is essentially how you extract what is contained on the target website, and the way you do this matters significantly. Using the wrong parsing technique can harm the website you are scraping from. And we don’t want this to happen because it would cost the website owner significant damage. And because web scraping is a repetitive exercise, you will want the website functioning every time you want to extract data. This is why it is mostly advisable to parse using tools such as Xpath and CSS – two parsers that can automatically transform data without breaking the sites.

What Is Parsing?

Parsing data can be defined as the process of crawling large unstructured datasets and transforming them into structured data with meaning. It is a stage in web scraping that involves turning what has been extracted into a form that can be understood and stored for immediate or future use. This, by implication, means that web scraping would be incomplete, and the extracted data would be unreadable without data parsing. Data parsing holds many benefits for the brand performing scraping, including improving data visibility and boosting overall productivity. These benefits are possible because parsers convert raw HTML data into a more readable format like plain text that you can easily interpret, analyze, and manipulate.

What Is Xpath?

The Xpath is a type of parser used to select a particular node on a raw HTML tree and turn that node into something more meaningful and easier to read. The HTML or HyperText Markup Language represents the language that most pages on the web are built-in. Typically, this only makes sense to machines, not humans. The Xpath identifies strings of symbols, special characters, and structures within raw data and works to organize and arrange those bits to make more sense to the user. An Xpath is usually used to extract documents, giving them the necessary structures and filtering all the details to create something you can easily use.

What Is CSS?

The CSS or Cascading Style Sheets can be defined as a descriptive language for the internet. It describes what is contained inside the content and helps separate the presentation from the actual content, including margins, layouts, fonts, and even colors.CSS is often combined with HTML to give web pages the full outlook we see on the internet. CSS locators work just like Xpath selectors and are used to locate and parse tags contained within the extracted document.

How Are Xpath and CSS Related?

Xpath and CSS are very closely related. For instance, Xpath interprets HTML documents and turns them into XML documents while CSS lies on top of the HTML document, and the locator helps ensure this is done smoothly and more conveniently. They both function to make data parsing quicker and much more efficient. Hence they are one of the most popular data parsers used when looking for how to extract data from a website without breaking or harming the website. Provided here is an excellent article on how to extract data from a website, if you are curious to learn more.

How Do These Terms Differ?

The Xpath and CSS perform the same function, but they differ in getting things done during data parsing. For instance, Xpath uses the <> style to locate and separate tags in the HTML while the CSS styles use / to locate and separate tags. Hence depending on the parsing you need to perform, one might be more effective than the other even though they practically do the same thing.

How Xpath and CSS Helps In Data Extraction

The descriptive languages we have just looked at help data extraction in many important ways, including the following:

  • Providing Data Structure

The data extraction would be completely useless without parsers. This is essential because they take unstructured and raw data and transform them into formats that can be easy to use. Providing structure for data is how brands can then read the extracted data and use it to make important business decisions that can put them on top of the market.

  • Rendering Data

Sometimes, providing data structure is not enough as the data needs to be rendered first. For instance, when a website is built heavily on JavaScript, it would be useless to try to extract the data and try to give it structure. The first course of action in this instance is to render the JavaScript codes, which is also something Xpath and CSS can help you achieve easily.


Parsing is an integral part of web scraping. Without it, web scraping would just be crawling and extracting a large expanse of data that nobody can utilize. Data parsers like Xpath and CSS are popular for providing the quickest and most efficient route to data parsing.