If you have been struggling with joint and tendon pains, had a recent surgery but did not seem to be making any positive progress, or want to look a few years younger, your research has probably led you to Platelet-Rich Plasma treatments. But what should you know before you go for your PRP Scottsdale treatment?
If you’re interested in regenerative medicine, you may have heard about Platelet-rich plasma (PRP). This treatment uses platelets to repair the damage, regenerate human cells, and relieve pain. In addition, it offers a viable alternative to expensive surgery. Often referred to as stem cells, PRP has several classifications. This article will look at how it works and its uses.
What is PRP?
When administered, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a material that is supposed to hasten the healing process. Your body’s plasma includes unique components, primarily proteins, that facilitate blood clotting. Additionally, it has properties that aid cells in proliferating.
PRP injections are intended to encourage your body to produce new body cells and accelerate the recuperation process by putting pressure on the regions that are injured. Researchers believe that the body’s tissues may regenerate more quickly due to the growth injections’ which bring about a higher concentration of tissue growth factors.
The clinical concept behind platelet-rich plasma is the delivery of high concentrations of early growth factors and other growth factors to injured tissues. PRP can also be used to improve fusion rates. Ideally, the concentration of platelets in platelet-rich plasma is five to ten times higher than physiological levels. The procedure is relatively inexpensive and easy to perform, although there are few clinical trials. There are many advantages to using platelet-rich plasma in orthopedic procedures, but there are also some significant limitations.
Making PRP begins with the clinician drawing blood from the patient’s arm. It is then spun in a centrifuge to separate the cells based on density. Most white and red blood cells are removed, leaving the platelets and plasma. The concentrated batch of platelets is then spun together with plasma to produce a focused collection with higher concentrations of growth factors and other substances.
Platelet-rich plasma has become increasingly popular as a medical treatment. This type of plasma contains a variety of growth factors and cytokines that are essential in the repair process of damaged tissues. As a result, it has been used in surgery, wound care, and musculoskeletal injuries.
Uses of PRP
PRP continues to gain popularity as a treatment or remedy for several conditions. PRP is becoming a solution to several things, from tendon recovery to skin rejuvenation.
PRP, or platelet-rich plasma, is a treatment that enhances healing. It is a plasma concentrate obtained from blood. The process involves the collection of blood plasma from a healthy individual. The blood is collected into sterile test tubes, where the platelets and WBCs are separated. Calcium is then added to activate the platelets, which release growth factors and cytokines.
After the whole blood is collected, the platelets are centrifuged to produce PRP. Before centrifugation, citrate is added to prevent the blood from coagulating. This separation separates the blood into three layers:
- The top layer comprises plasma.
- The middle layer contains platelets and leukocytes.
- The bottom layer is composed of erythrocytes.
Once the top and middle layers are separated, a second centrifuge is used to separate the plasma from the buffy coat.
PRP can be used to treat a variety of chronic musculoskeletal diseases and injuries. For example, the process can treat osteoarthritis, tendinopathy, and ligament injuries, as well as delayed fracture healing and intervertebral disc injuries. The procedure is also effective in preventing the need for joint replacement surgeries.
After centrifugation, a small amount of PRP is injected into the dermis. The growth factors in platelets help with tissue repair. They also improve the appearance of scars and reinvigorate hair follicles to stimulate new growth. Aside from being an effective treatment, PRP reduces bleeding and promotes soft tissue and bone regeneration.
PRP is a viable adjunct to dental procedures. It can also be used for other purposes, such as facial rejuvenation. Studies have shown that it improves skin texture and reduces the appearance of wrinkles and dark circles. It also promotes proper bone integration in implant patients. The growth factors in PRP preparations help bone grafts bond with the patient’s bone faster.
Using a PRP treatment for joint discomfort and other soft-tissue wounds is gaining more popularity since platelet-rich plasma has been proven to accelerate the recovery process considerably. PRP is useful in treating chronic tendonitis, particularly tennis elbow, a relatively prevalent condition of the tendons on the outer surface of the elbow. Inflammatory response of the tendon at the knee or recurrent Achilles tendinitis are two more chronic tendon ailments that may benefit from PRP treatment.
Hair loss and regeneration
PRP injections into the scalp might reduce the inflammation that can cause hair loss. According to research, men who had PRP therapy regenerated hair more quickly and with noticeably higher thickness than ones who did not receive the procedure. More controlled studies are required to evaluate PRP’s effectiveness in promoting hair growth, as this was a comparatively small trial.
Regenerating the skin and reducing wrinkles
PRP treatments are occasionally utilized as an anti-aging therapy, but there’s little proof that they do anything to diminish wrinkles and other aging symptoms.
Following surgery, surgeons will occasionally administer PRP treatments to treat damaged tissues or tendons.
One to several vials containing your blood is used to generate PRP treatments, which are done by centrifuging the blood to isolate the platelets. The damaged or ill bodily tissue is subsequently given an injection of these effector cells. This triggers the synthesis of growth factors, which promote and boost your body’s production of reparative cells.
According to research, most patients who see improvements receive three or more sessions. To have blood extracted, processed, and infused, you must visit your specialist’s clinic at least three times. A filler can be injected simultaneously with PRP to give you more rapid results. With this combination, chances are, you will notice a difference instantly.
Since PRP is made from your blood, experts believe it is safe. However, the following hazards may arise from an injection into the knee joint:
- Local infection
- Discomfort at the injection site
- Nerve damage
Other research and observations revealed that some persons reported:
- Perspiring and sweating
- Quick heartbeat
- Lightheadedness or fainting
- Nausea, vomiting, and an unsettled stomach
- Stiffness and pain
These symptoms are, however, considered non-specific and no more substantial than the adverse effects of other types of injections. Also, remember that because the therapy is experimental, there might be unanticipated side effects.
Before getting any treatment, it is essential to consult with your medical practitioner. Find out as much as possible about it, especially if it is still in the experimental phase like PRP. This way, you can make a conscious, definitive decision with all the facts.