How to Become a Tax Preparer in 2023 | Tax Preparer Course Explained

How to Become a Tax Preparer

The Ultimate Guide| How To Become a Certified Tax Preparer in 2023

Welcome to our Ultimate Guide to Becoming a Certified Tax Preparer in 2023! As we navigate the complexities of the tax world, tax professionals have become a pivotal part of the personal and business financial landscape. They are responsible for helping individuals and corporations understand and meet their tax obligations.

As the saying goes, “Nothing is certain except death and taxes.” Given the constant need for tax services, choosing how to become a tax preparer is a rewarding career path. This comprehensive guide will walk you through the necessary steps toward achieving your goal.

A tax preparer is a qualified professional who assists clients in preparing and filing their tax returns. This role requires a strong understanding of tax laws, critical thinking, attention to detail, and excellent communication skills. But it’s not just about crunching numbers – being a tax preparer also means being a trusted advisor who can help clients make informed decisions to maximize their tax savings and comply with the law.

In an ever-evolving field like taxation, certification offers a competitive edge. It amplifies your credibility and expands your knowledge base, keeping you updated with the latest tax codes and regulations. Moreover, certified tax preparers often have higher earning potential and greater career advancement opportunities.

This guide will provide a comprehensive roadmap to becoming a certified tax preparer. We’ll explore the role of a tax preparer in-depth, the education and qualifications you’ll need, the process of gaining certification, and tips for building a successful career in tax preparation. So, whether you’re considering a career in tax preparation or looking to enhance your current tax practice, you’ve come to the right place. Let’s embark on this journey together!

Understanding the Tax Preparer Role

A tax preparer is a crucial player in the financial sector, responsible for accurately preparing and filing local, state, and federal income tax returns for individuals and businesses. This role requires an in-depth understanding of tax codes and regulations, financial records, deductions, and credits.

How to Become a Tax Preparer
How to Become a Tax Preparer

Here’s a more detailed look at what a tax preparer does:

Client Consultation: Tax preparers start by meeting with clients to understand their financial situation, income sources, potential deductions, credits, and expenses. They review financial documents and gather the necessary information to complete tax forms accurately.

Preparation of Tax Returns: The primary responsibility of a tax preparer is to prepare tax returns accurately. That involves calculating tax obligations, suggesting strategies for tax savings, filling out the appropriate forms, and ensuring timely filing.

Tax Laws and Regulations: Tax preparers must stay abreast of the current local, state, and federal tax laws and understand how they apply to their clients. They also need to be aware of any changes in legislation that might affect their clients’ tax returns.

Record Keeping: Maintaining accurate and detailed records of each client’s tax information is another important aspect of a tax preparer’s job. That includes income and expense records, receipts, and previous tax return forms. Good record-keeping is essential for addressing any potential tax audits or discrepancies.

Advisory Services: Beyond preparing tax returns, tax preparers often act as advisors, helping clients plan their finances to minimize tax liabilities. They advise on tax-related issues, like how to structure a business or the tax implications of large purchases or investments.

Ethics and Confidentiality: Tax preparers must adhere to a strict code of ethics as they deal with sensitive financial information. They are expected to maintain confidentiality, demonstrate integrity, and avoid conflicts of interest.

In essence, a tax preparer’s role goes beyond merely filing returns. They play an integral role in their client’s financial well-being, requiring technical knowledge, analytical skills, and interpersonal abilities. As the tax landscape continues to evolve, the role of a tax preparer is becoming more complex and more vital than ever. Whether navigating the tax implications of a global pandemic or adjusting to new tax laws, a competent and certified tax preparer can be a valuable ally for individuals and businesses alike.

Required Education and Qualifications For the Role

Education and qualifications for tax preparers may vary depending on jurisdiction and the complexity of the tax work. However, some general steps and recommended educational paths exist for those looking to enter this profession.

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1. High School Diploma or Equivalent: A high school diploma or equivalent is the minimum requirement to become a tax preparer. In high school, math, economics, and personal finance classes can provide a helpful foundation.

2. Bachelor’s Degree: While not always required, many tax preparers have a bachelor’s degree in fields like accounting, finance, or business. These programs provide a solid grounding in financial accounting, business law, management, and economics.

3. Specific Tax Courses or Certificate Programs: Aspiring tax preparers can benefit from courses specifically on tax preparation. These courses, offered by community colleges, adult education programs, and online platforms, cover topics like federal tax laws, tax deductions, and how to prepare various tax forms. Some institutions offer certificate programs in tax preparation, providing more in-depth knowledge.

4. On-the-Job Training: Many tax preparation firms offer on-the-job training for new employees, especially during the tax season. These training programs give you hands-on experience and a real-world understanding of tax preparation.

5. Certification or Licensure: Depending on the region and the level of work you want to perform, you may need to become certified or licensed. For example, in the United States, tax preparers dealing with federal taxes can voluntarily opt for the IRS Annual Filing Season Program (AFSP), become an Enrolled Agent (EA), or become a Certified Public Accountant (CPA), each requiring different levels of education, examinations, and ongoing education.

6. Continued Learning: The world of taxation is continuously evolving with new laws, regulations, and policies. Regardless of the level of education or certification, successful tax preparers commit to ongoing learning to stay current with changes in the field.

In addition to these formal qualifications, tax preparers need strong numerical skills, attention to detail, integrity, and excellent communication skills to explain complex tax information clearly to clients.

How to Become a Tax Preparer
How to Become a Tax Preparer

Getting Certified

Certification as a tax preparer can significantly enhance your credibility and earning potential in the field. While certification requirements can vary by region, we’ll focus on the United States’ main pathways: the IRS Annual Filing Season Program (AFSP), Enrolled Agent (EA), and Certified Public Accountant (CPA).

1. IRS Annual Filing Season Program (AFSP):

The AFSP is a voluntary program by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) designed to encourage tax preparers to participate in ongoing professional education courses. This program is most suitable for those with no other professional credentials but still wish to stand out in the field.

Requirements for the AFSP include:

  • Completion of the IRS’s Annual Federal Tax Refresher course
  • Passing an examination at the end of the course
  • Completing continuing education credits each year

2. Enrolled Agent (EA):

Enrolled Agents are tax preparers licensed by the IRS. They are the only federally licensed tax practitioners specializing in taxation and have unlimited rights to represent taxpayers before the IRS.

To become an EA, you must:

  • Obtain a Preparer Tax Identification Number (PTIN)
  • Pass the three-part Special Enrollment Examination (SEE) that covers individual and business tax returns
  • Complete a background check conducted by the IRS

As an EA, you must complete 72 hours of continuing education every three years.

3. Certified Public Accountant (CPA):

CPAs are accountants who have passed the Uniform CPA Examination and have been licensed by their state’s board of accountancy. While a CPA’s work goes beyond tax preparation, many CPAs offer tax services.

The process to become a CPA includes the following:

  • Earning a bachelor’s degree in accounting or a related field
  • Completing 150 semester hours of education, which may require a graduate degree
  • Passing the Uniform CPA Examination
  • Meeting work experience requirements, typically 1-2 years in the field
  • Fulfilling ethics and good character requirements

CPAs must meet continuing education requirements to maintain their licensure, typically around 40 hours per year.

Regardless of your certification route, becoming a certified tax preparer involves dedicated study, passing examinations, and a commitment to staying current with tax laws and regulations. Achieving certification can significantly enhance your professional standing and open up more opportunities in tax preparation.

Practical Experience

Practical experience is a vital component of becoming a successful tax preparer. It allows you to apply the theoretical knowledge you’ve acquired during your studies and understand how tax laws work in real-world situations. Here are some ways you can gain practical experience in tax preparation:

1. Internships: Many accounting and tax preparation companies offer internships, especially during the busy tax season. Internships provide valuable hands-on experience and can often lead to full-time job opportunities.

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2. Entry-Level Positions: Consider starting in an entry-level position in a tax preparation firm or a company’s accounting department. Roles such as a tax assistant or junior accountant can provide you with a wealth of experience and help you understand the day-to-day operations of tax preparation.

3. Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) Program: The IRS’s VITA program offers free tax help to people who generally make $57,000 or less, persons with disabilities, and limited English-speaking taxpayers. As a VITA volunteer, you’ll gain valuable experience preparing taxes and learning about tax situations while serving your community.

4. On-the-Job Training: Some tax preparation companies offer on-the-job training where you can learn the basics of tax preparation, including how to use tax software and interpret and apply tax laws.

5. Start Your Practice: After gaining some experience and acquiring the necessary certifications, you could consider starting your own tax preparation business. While this path requires entrepreneurial skills and a deeper understanding of tax preparation, it can offer greater flexibility and potential financial rewards.

How to Become a Tax Preparer

Continuing Education

Continuing education is vital for tax preparers, as it ensures they stay updated with the ever-changing tax laws and regulations landscape. Regardless of your specific certifications, all tax professionals should commit to lifelong learning to provide the best possible service to their clients.

Here’s an overview of how continuing education typically works in the field of tax preparation:

1. IRS Annual Filing Season Program (AFSP): If you’re participating in the AFSP, you must complete continuing education each year. That includes a certain number of hours on federal tax law topics and ethics.

2. Enrolled Agents (EAs): EAs must earn 72 hours of continuing education credits every three years. That must include 2 hours of ethics per year and a focus on federal tax law topics.

3. Certified Public Accountants (CPAs): CPAs must meet continuing education requirements to maintain their licensure. The exact requirements can vary by state, but CPAs typically complete around 40 hours of continuing education each year.

Continuing education can come in various forms, including online courses, webinars, in-person workshops, and professional conferences. Many professional organizations offer continuing education opportunities for their members.

Additionally, staying updated with the latest news in the field is important. That can involve subscribing to tax-related newsletters, reading industry publications, and following relevant websites or blogs.

Committing to continuing education allows tax preparers to stay at the top of their field, provide their clients with the most accurate and helpful advice, and navigate the complexities of tax laws confidently and effectively.

Building Your Career as a Tax Preparer and Expected Salary

Building a successful career as a tax preparer requires a mix of formal education, practical experience, certification, and ongoing learning. Here are some steps you can take to grow in this field:

1. Specialize: Once you’ve mastered the basics, consider specializing in a certain area of tax preparation. For example, you might focus on serving small businesses, expatriates, non-profit organizations, or high-net-worth individuals. Specializing can help you stand out in the market and command higher fees.

2. Network: Join professional organizations, attend industry events, and connect with other professionals online. Networking can lead to job opportunities, partnerships, or referrals. It also keeps you informed about industry trends and best practices.

3. Market Yourself: Build a strong online presence, including a professional website and social media profiles. Offer helpful content, like blog posts or videos, to showcase your expertise and attract potential clients. Word of mouth is also a powerful marketing tool in this field, so make sure your existing clients are satisfied with your services and willing to recommend you to others.

4. Keep Learning: As mentioned before, tax laws and regulations continually change. Commit to lifelong learning to stay updated and provide the best possible service to your clients.

5. Consider Entrepreneurship: After gaining experience and building a client base, you might consider starting your own tax preparation business. That can offer more flexibility and financial potential but also requires business and marketing skills.

The salary can vary widely depending on your location, experience level, certifications, and specialization. As of Jun 21, 2023, the average annual pay for a Self Employed Tax Preparer in the USA is $39,060 annually. In simple terms, it is approximately $18.78 an hour. That is exactly $751/week or $3,255/month. However, more experienced tax preparers or those with advanced certifications, like CPAs, can earn significantly more. Tax preparers who own their own business also can earn a higher income, depending on their client base and fee structure.

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How to Become a Tax Preparer
How to Become a Tax Preparer

Tips for Success in 2023

The world of tax preparation is dynamic and evolving, with the landscape in 2023 presenting its unique opportunities and challenges. To thrive in this environment, consider these tips for success:

1. Embrace Technology: The tax industry increasingly relies on technology for efficiency and accuracy. Familiarize yourself with the latest tax software and tools. Understand how to use digital platforms for client communication, document management, and remote work.

2. Understand the Impact of Recent Legislation: As the global economy adapts and recovers from the COVID-19 pandemic, new tax laws and regulations are being implemented. Please ensure you fully understand these changes and how they impact your clients.

3. Improve Your Online Presence: In an increasingly digital world, having a strong online presence is more important than ever. Consider revamping your website, maintaining active social media profiles, and publishing helpful content online to attract potential clients.

4. Prioritize Customer Service: Beyond tax preparation skills, exceptional customer service can set you apart in this field. Build strong relationships with your clients, communicate clearly and promptly, and show genuine interest in helping them navigate their tax issues.

5. Focus on Continuing Education: As always, staying updated with the latest tax laws and regulations is key. Participate in relevant continuing education courses and stay informed about industry trends and changes.

6. Stay Organized: Strong organizational skills are essential during the busy tax season. Develop systems for tracking deadlines, managing client information, and handling paperwork efficiently.

7. Specialize in a Niche: As tax laws become more complex, specializing in a specific niche (like small businesses, expats, or non-profits) can make you more attractive to a particular set of clients.

8. Foster Ethical Practices: Integrity and confidentiality are vital in tax preparation. Always adhere to ethical guidelines and professional standards.

9. Adapt to New Work Models: Remote work is becoming more commonplace, and clients are becoming more comfortable with virtual meetings. Be prepared to adapt your services to these changing models.

10. Network: Join professional organizations and attend industry events to connect with other professionals. Networking can lead to valuable partnerships, collaborations, and client referrals.

Can AI take off the jobs of Tax preparers?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been a significant force of disruption across various industries, and tax preparation is not immune to this trend. AI and automation have simplified certain tax preparation aspects, such as data entry, calculations, and even identifying potential deductions or credits.

However, the complete replacement of tax preparers with AI is not entirely straightforward for several reasons:

1. Complex Cases: While AI can handle simple, straightforward tax cases quite well, complex tax situations still require the expertise of human professionals. That includes managing taxes for small businesses, navigating complicated investment scenarios, dealing with international taxation, or assisting with estate planning. AI, as of 2023, with Chat GPT and Google Bard, cannot fully comprehend and handle these complexities.

2. Legal Interpretation: Tax laws are complex and frequently changing. Human tax preparers can interpret these laws and apply them to unique situations, a fine skill AI currently lacks.

3. Ethical Judgement and Advisory Role: Tax preparers often serve in an advisory capacity, providing strategic advice and ethical judgement beyond just filling out forms. They understand their clients’ situations, plans, and financial goals. That requires empathy and a deep understanding that AI does not possess.

4. Audit Support: A tax preparer can provide invaluable support if the tax authorities audit a client. That often involves negotiating, interpreting legal language, and advocating for the client beyond AI’s capabilities.

While AI might change the nature of the work done by tax preparers, it’s less likely to eliminate the profession. Instead, the role may shift towards advisory services, complex tax management, and strategic planning. As a tax preparer, keeping up with technological advancements and integrating them into your practice can help streamline routine tasks and allow you to focus more on high-level, complex services that provide greater value to your clients.


Becoming a certified tax preparer is a journey that demands commitment, continuous learning, and adaptability. The field provides an opportunity to build a rewarding career that blends numbers with people, where your role can significantly impact clients’ financial health and peace of mind.

From understanding the role of a tax preparer and the required education to obtaining certification and gaining practical experience, each step on this path equips you with valuable knowledge and skills. In an era of ever-changing tax laws and digital transformations, the demand for skilled and ethical tax preparers will likely remain high.

Remember, your journey doesn’t stop once you’re certified. The most successful tax preparers commit to lifelong learning, adapt to technological advancements, specialize in niches, network, and foster strong customer relationships.

In the tax world, 2023 brings its own set of challenges and opportunities. With the right mindset and preparation, you can navigate these changes successfully and build a thriving career in tax preparation. Whether serving individuals, small businesses, or large corporations, your work as a tax preparer will always be a vital component of the financial landscape.