Which Jobs are already replaced by Robots? What more is going to Automate with AI Technology?
A few companies are searching for methods to automate the work for their staff. Many of them are looking to replace their employees with robots. But what will the job be like after the robots arrive? Do we expect to see a day where machines and humans collaborate, or will they remain separated? What happens to our job if we become entirely dependent upon machines? Which jobs are already replaced by robots? What is more, going to automate with AI technology?
Automation is among the most likely trends to be noticed shortly after work. The question is, which jobs will become automated?
What jobs are likely to be automated?
Automation is an important development in numerous industries, but it won’t take overall jobs. Automation can be utilized to complete jobs that are too complicated or expensive to be done by a person. For instance, an automated system could assist an accountant in performing their job with greater efficiency and reduce time. It could also be utilized to complete tasks that require a lot of emotional intelligence. Sometimes it might be helpful in creativity like managing customer relations or driving sales within a particular industry.
Although the automation of specific jobs could lead to joblessness and social tensions, technology will also likely provide new job opportunities and give people a feeling of meaning throughout their lives. It could also bring about positive changes.
Technology is revolutionizing the way we work. It has made many occupations obsolete and made new ones feasible. Do you know that around 2.7 million robots are working right now in different industries globally? Every year, around 400k new industrial robots come to the market. The Republic of South Korea possesses the most significant robotics density. The stats for job seekers are alarming.
There are 900 robots for every 10,000 human employees. The whole robotics and AI industry are worth around $40 billion. Out of that, only the medical robotics in Healthcare systems was worth $6 billion. Astonishingly, the sales of non-automotive robots increased by 63% in 2020 compared to the previous year. For the adult industry, sexbots are on the rise selling for more than $50,000 apiece.
What is a Robot?
The term robot refers to a piece of equipment that can carry the tasks assigned automatically. Therefore, it can mimic human efforts and deliver better results. The following are the five kinds of that robots can be found:
Pre-programmed robots: Pre-programmed robots can perform simple tasks. Mechanical arms that are useful in welding for the automobile industry could be an example of a robot that has been pre-programmed.
Humanoid robotics: These robots can perform human-like actions. They look and behave like humans and can mimic human movements. Hanson Robotics’ Sophia is the perfect example of humanoid robotics.
Teleoperated robots: They are controlled by humans. They carry out tasks in extreme conditions in which humans cannot operate. Human-controlled drones and submarines are examples of teleoperated robotics.
Automated robots: This type of autonomous robotics doesn’t require human intervention. They perform tasks by themselves. One example is Roomba, the Roomba vacuum cleaner. It makes use of sensors to move through a house without restriction.
Augmenting robots: Enhancing human capability by replacing an ineffective component. A few examples of augmenting robots include exoskeletons or prosthetic legs.
Stats of Robotics Industry
The first robot could be traced back to the 4th century BC. That was the time when Archytas, a famous Greek philosopher, built a mechanical bird propelled by steam.
However, the first robot with an acute purpose was created in the 12th century AD. It was when Ismail al-Jazari, an Arabic polymath, built a humanoid automaton of a waiter who served drinks to people. Do you find the statistics interesting so far? Let us know more about the key facts and figures of the Robotics and AI industry.
Who is the father of Robotics?
Joseph F. Engelberger is known to be the father of robotics. For thousands of years, numerous philosophers, engineers, and great thinkers built concepts close to modern robots. However, the initial industrial robot is credited to Engelberger and one of his associates, George Devol. In 1961, their company (Unimation Inc.) merged with General Motors to build the first robot with a mechanical arm. After that, machines with robotic arms were widely used in various industries.
What is Machine Learning?
Machine Learning is a branch of artificial intelligence in which systems learn from data from the past to identify patterns, recognize anomalies, and make decisions without human intervention. After the system has gained knowledge from the preliminary data, it will infer based on the latest input parameters. There are three main kinds of machine learning which are:
Learning happens in the training data under the supervision of a trainer. The output and input data are identified as training data, and the learning process creates a link between them.
Unsupervised learning cannot determine the output variables that correspond to an input set. Algorithms like clustering and associations are created to describe the data’s basic structure or distribution to find out more about them.
Reinforcement learning uses techniques of trial and error to find an answer. It receives punishments or rewards in the manner it takes. This is the best and most efficient method of revealing the creativity of a machine.
Who is the largest robot in the world?
Officially Mononofu, a Japanese robot, is the largest in the world of its kind. Mononofu in Japanese means “samurai warrior” in Japan. It has a remarkable resemblance to Japanese anime. The official declaration of being the largest came in 2018, and it was declared a giant humanoid robot in the world.
You may rent it for around $1,000/hour. Do you want to try it out? Mononofu can go forward and backward at a 1 km/hour speed. It can also turn its upper body and move its fingers. It weighs over seven tons. Mononofu is 28-feet tall. However, Mononofu is truly not the largest robot in the world anymore. Gundam was built in 2020, and it is 60-feet tall. It is yet to be verified by experts. As it has not been done yet, Mononofu keeps its Number 1 position.
What is AI?
Artificial Intelligence or AI mimics human brains to machines. AI-equipped machines can perform tasks more efficiently than humans and replicate human behavior. There are four kinds of AI:
Reactive machines: This is the simplest AI level. Reactive machines can perform basic tasks. However, they cannot form memories or use previous experiences to make choices. IBM’s Deep Blue is the perfect example of this kind of machine. This AI beat the world champion, Garry Kasparov, in 1997.
Limited memory AI: This AI type can store data from the past and produce better output using the information. For instance, Tesla’s self-driving vehicles monitor the speed of vehicles and their direction and then react accordingly.
Theory of Mind AI: The theory of mind can communicate with human brains and comprehend them more clearly. The AI can understand human beings and have thoughts and feelings that are on their own. These AI machines are not yet fully developed. However, researchers are making many efforts to create these AI machines.
Self-aware AI: This kind of AI is a reality coming shortly. Self-aware AIs will possess an autonomous mind and will be able to make their own choices. In addition, the machines will be more sophisticated than human brains.
These jobs robots have taken over already, and few of the robots are taking over
In light of the type and kind of jobs listed, here is an overview of AI machines’ tasks in the future.
1. Customer service executives
Customer service representatives don’t need extensive emotional or social intelligence to function. Many businesses are now relying on AI to help answer questions about customer service and FAQs. Chatbots aren’t only growing in importance as a part of customer interactions. They also help with several internal inquiries and other things.
In addition, with automatic check-ins at both small and big hotels. There will be a lower need for receptionists in the future. Customers can order food using tabs or communication screens in today’s fast-food restaurants. With the advent of AI, there’s a high chance that robots could take care of ordering and other tasks.
While editing can be a more difficult task in terms of tone understanding, tonality, and so on, editing is much easier. The detection of grammatical errors, sentences, sentence structure, and other mistakes can be easily performed by various software. For instance, Grammarly is one of the most well-known applications professionals employ to identify these issues.
4. Data entry and bookkeeping
There’s a good chance you’ve not ever heard of bookkeeping as a career for quite some time. So instead of using human beings to do bookkeeping and data entry, it is logical to introduce AI or ML (Machine learning) to be included in the development cycle.
5. Retail services
Automated solutions have replaced human beings who conduct sales. With various merchants focusing on the self-ordering process and payment options, AI could very quickly become involved.
Robots are taking over retail jobs in various shopping conglomerates to learn about the patterns of customers. Furthermore, the sophisticated analysis of data of AI machines can reveal additional products that consumers might be attracted to shortly.
6. Courier services
AI has brought about various economic and social changes to the delivery sector. It has simplified a variety of logistics and supply chain tasks. Drones and robots are now taking over the delivery of courier services. Apart from the manufacturing sector transport, the transport sector will be the most affected by robots’ increased automation shortly.
7. Pharmaceutical and manufacturing work
These are perhaps the most significant areas where people are worried about the possibility that AI will replace jobs. In the case where the process of producing most commodities nowadays has been automated and automated, the operational aspects are also a possibility for AI. For example, robots can collaborate with scientists in labs for pharmaceuticals to create a more secure environment. As a result, scientists will stop placing their lives in danger.
Military experts are confident that the future battlefield will consist of robots able to obey commands without any constant surveillance. Robots are being utilized in military operations to perform various tasks, including surveillance and intelligence, among many more.
Rumors are spread on India-China borders that China has already set up a team of fighting robots close to Arunachal Pradesh and Assam. Recently, the chief of the UK military said it was possible that “autonomous robots could soon form a quarter of the British army by 2030.”
9. Taxi drivers and bus drivers
There’s a 98% chance this industry will become completely automated. Self-driving cars are in the market, and it won’t take very long when fully-autonomous vehicles can take over our lives. According to The Los Angeles Times, self-driving trucks could replace 1.7 million American truckers over the next ten years.
10. Market research analysts
Research analysts are essential to any organization. They research markets to boost the effectiveness of their businesses. Artificial intelligence-enabled robots are becoming popular in this industry due to the extensive data they can provide.
Robot surgeons can carry out necessary procedures worldwide, and it’s just the beginning of the time before they will completely replace us.
Robotic surgeons will provide more accurate and efficient treatment for patients than human doctors. Also, there is less risk of getting sick due to the more sterilized procedures, and there is no room for human mistakes.
12. Security Guards
AI has made significant advances in the area of physical security. For instance, Yelp’s security robot can look over a structure with high-definition cameras. It also comes with an infrared directional microphone and directional sensor to detect suspicious activities. There’s an 84 percent possibility that AI will fully automate this field shortly.
With a growing dependence on technology to perform these tasks, the human element will be ineffective for jobs in the future. However, does the future appear gloomy for all employed?
Jobs that AI or robots can’t replace
Human creative thinking is unstoppable. Think leadership, strategic thinking, negotiation and conflict resolution, emotional intelligence, and empathy are all qualities that AI can’t replace at any moment in the future.
Below are some occupations that would last through the years:
1. Human resource managers
The firm’s Human Resources department will always require an individual to handle conflicts within the workplace. Humans have non-cognitive and reasoning abilities. Robots can’t comprehend the emotions of humans, so the job won’t be replaced soon by robots. The sector is expected to grow by 9 percent by 2024. The chance that robots could take over this industry is 0.55 percent.
Many people may deny it. However, all the writing AI tools in the market can just spin bits and pieces from here and there. True writers need to think of and create original written content.
Each work of art is distinct. The machines cannot customize it in the way that humans can. They are unable to connect with other human beings. Writers require imagination and empathy. Something AI will not replace anytime soon. AIs can accomplish certain things with pre-programming, but they cannot completely replace the creative part.
3. Graphic designers
The art of graphic design can be both creative and technical. It requires a great deal of knowledge to know what your client needs. Every customer’s needs are unique, and a machine can’t be able to meet them.
As with writing, it needs to be completely original and developed according to the specifications. Robots are not equipped with these capabilities or the creativity needed to function.
4. Public relations professionals
PR managers must depend on their network of connections and relationships to create buzz for their clients. They need to create the profile of an issue or issue and raise money. PR professionals must have connections with the public who can help them participate in the cause. This is an ideal position for human beings shortly.
5. Software developers
Software development is difficult enough for human beings even to complete. It takes a lot of time and investment in skills to develop software or applications. Because different customers have diverse requirements, the software needs to be tailored and flawless. It will be difficult to get AI to reproduce the task and be able to respond.
6. Project managers
A project manager will be accountable for overseeing the project from the beginning until the end. They have to be in constant contact with the other members of the project and be available throughout the day.
AI can assist project managers to an enormous degree. It can lead to a higher rate of project success. However, it is highly unlikely that AI could take over project management. On the other hand, those times of the week are constantly changing, and there isn’t a precise pattern AI won’t be capable of mastering.
Do you want your newborn babies to be taken care of by robots? I won’t take a chance. AI or robots can’t understand the needs of a newborn or a growing kid. A robot can’t be a childcare professional who can take care of kids at home.
Some robots may complete household chores, transportation, and prepare meals. However, for kids, it never follows the same pattern every day.
Even the most brilliant doctors and scientists around the globe do not comprehend how a human brain works. To connect to each person is a matter of extreme understanding and empathy. Robots cannot comprehend our human brain.
Robots are unable to express emotions or show compassion to others. It is, therefore, virtually impossible to build an automated psychiatrist in the near term.
9. Event planners
Planners need to collaborate and work with other parties to bring things together. Planning an event requires imagination and coordination. Are you sure that a machine will ever be able to coordinate and organize abilities? It won’t. This job will not be automated.
Surprisingly Joshua Browder says his app DoNotPay is “the world’s first robot lawyer.”
It aids users in drafting legal letters. You describe to its chatbot what your problem is, like appealing against a parking fine, & it has the intelligence to suggest what it considers the best legal language to use. People may type in their side of any argument using their sentences. This unique software with a machine learning ability matches that to a legal right way of saying it.
However, what if the case is complicated, like a murder? Being a lawyer means being clever enough to bend the rules to your favor. A robot can’t know the best way to strike the opposing party with the correct argument. Robots aren’t emotionally intelligent enough to convince people. A robot is unable to communicate with a human. Robots, however, can be helpful in the process of processing evidence.
11. Chief executives
Chief executives must oversee a vast array of their operations. They must also manage large teams of workers that they manage. Every leader has many leadership abilities.
Unfortunately, there isn’t a method to become the most influential leader, nor is there a fundamental formula to train machines. Robots cannot comprehend a person’s emotions or mental state and, therefore, cannot take over this task.
There’s much more to being a scientist than simply conducting wet-lab tests. Any machine cannot duplicate the hours of research and the innate ability to create. Robots can analyze scientists’ data, but they are unable to make or create anything very unique.
A clergyperson must have the ability to guide and speak to his congregation. He must have compassion, emotionality, and faith that can inspire others. It is impossible to teach a robot to inspire confidence in human beings. It would be fun to have an AI-enabled priest appear shortly.
What lies in the future of job seekers?
Many labor-intensive jobs will indeed be no more available by 2022. However, it is not true that all of us will be jobless. We still need employees to build these robots. There are so many new industries and jobs coming up these days. Cyber lawyers, data scientists, Programmers, etc., which was not a career path during World War 2. Still, there is a reason to worry.
Visit the supermarket. Explore the aisles and look at the various containers, bags, and boxes. And at the highest level of abilities, think about how many people are needed to make every one of them. Robots can do most of this, but robots aren’t around for that long.
Fast food outlets are changing cashiers to kiosks. It’s possible to watch the change happening in real-time. It’s slow, but the drive-thru is the most challenging part. Imagine McDonald’s becoming an enormous vending machine. They’re working on it; however, human interaction is crucial.
Warehouses are automatizing as much as they can. Manufacturing facilities have already been doing this for decades. However, during that time, they’ll make it to China. Then, we’ll send the waste back to China or even to Indonesia.
How rude to tell someone who has been working for 30 to 50 years that their actions or activities aren’t worthy of the definition of a successful career. I would ban someone from this kind of accusation. It’s a straight-up rich privilege like they’re uniquely competent to perform their job.
Can robots be expected to complete the most exact tasks more efficiently than humans?
They do, already every day. The first tasks industrial robots were utilized for were spot welding automobile bodies. Spot welders weigh up to 80 kg. The traditional method to make cars was using very wooden jigs or manually operated spot welders being held in place by the aid of spring balances. It was necessary to be physically strong to get the weld precisely to the point it was required.
It was challenging to maintain consistency for a car that at 9 am could have 20 precise welds on the panel, but at 5 pm, there might be a few missing or misplaced. Spot welding robots revolutionized car production in the 1980s early days. Suddenly (almost!), each car on the line was precisely welded, making them more durable, cost-effective, and secure.
Most industrial robots have a precision of 0.1mm or more. The payload can be as high as 1000kg. Most robots are 6-axis anthropomorphic models that can imitate humans’ arms. They’re fast and agile, as well as precise. Do you need a perfect one-meter circle shape TIG welding? A robot is the only option to achieve it. Do you have a complicated surface? No problem again. If you require an electrical component to be located within a few microns? Yes, some robots can do this.
Notably, robots do very well when they augment humans. For example, the use of robotic surgery is the use of highly precise robotic arms that skilled human surgeons operate.
The surgical robot can hold a variety of instruments in a precise manner for long periods, which is impossible to accomplish manually. Additionally, polishing, welding, or assembly robots require expert programmers to set them up. Once completed, the process will be precise and repeatable. A robot for industrial use will keep working on the same thing repeatedly for a long time. Suppose the installation is completed correctly and has the proper checks in place. In that case, the quality of work is constantly enhanced by robots.
It is happening in hundreds of factories across the globe, producing anything from jet engines to cupcakes. Moreover, robots for industrial use are inexpensive, starting from just a few thousand USD.